How was the Tourism Sector Affected by the Covid-19 outbreak?

9/20/2020 3:28:46 PM
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How was the Tourism Sector Affected by the Covid-19 outbreak?

Tourism was one of the areas most affected by the COVID-19 epidemic, especially after March, worldwide. Although the number of daily cases does not tend to decrease globally, countries that have made significant gains from tourism opened their doors to tourists from abroad with the arrival of summer. Turkey and the world, taking into consideration the data, we examined the effects of tourism on the Covidien-19.

What About Tourism Around the World?

he United Nations released a new report on August 25 using UNWTO (United Nations World Tourism Organization) data to measure the devastating impact of the coronavirus outbreak on global tourism.

According to the report, the decline in tourism affects many areas critically:

  • 100-120 million people's direct tourism businesses are at risk. Also, as women make up the majority of jobs in the tourism sector, a high number of women face unemployment.
  • $ 910 billion - $ 1.2 trillion lost revenue.
  • 1.5% - 2.8% reduction in global GDP.
  • In developing small island countries and underdeveloped countries, tourism accounts for 30% -80% of imports.
  • As tourism income decreases, the budget allocated to conservation of natural and cultural heritage is at stake.

There has been a 56% decrease in international tourist arrivals worldwide between January and May 2020. The region with the highest rate of decrease is the Asia and Pacific region with 60%. Europe ranks second with 58%. In addition, there was a loss of $ 320 billion in tourism revenue within five months, with 56% fewer international passengers worldwide. This amount is more than 3 times what was lost in the 2009 crisis.

On a regional basis, Southern Europe and Northeast Asia are the regions that experienced the greatest decrease in international tourist numbers in the January-May 2020 period compared to the same period of the previous year.

International Tourism Revenues May Return to Their Previous Level 20 Years

The report also includes scenarios according to the dates of gradual opening of borders and lifting of travel restrictions. Accordingly, if the measures start to be eased in July 2020, global tourism revenues in 2020 could fall to $ 570 billion. If the measures are lifted in September, revenues are estimated to fall to $ 400 billion, and if it is removed in December, it will drop to $ 310 billion.

What's Changed Until July in Turkey?

The Ministry of Tourism and Culture recently announced the statistics of tourists until July 2020.

The number of international tourists increased by 14.11% between 2018 and 2019. In the January-July period of 2020, the number of international tourists visiting Turkey was 77.97% decrease compared to the same period last year, it said. The decrease in tourists was the most severe in April and May, when the epidemic was quite effective at 99.26%.

During January-July 2020 in the ranking of countries sending the most visitors to Turkey Germany 11.39% (619 595) and the first in Bulgaria 8.33% (453 340) and the second, Georgia 6.39% (347 750) and third place. In 2018, Russia was in the first place with 25.14%.

In the accommodation facilities with a tourism operation certificate, that is, certified by the ministry, it is seen that the number of arrivals to the facility decreased by 61% in June 2020 compared to January. The months when the number of arrivals and overnights were the lowest were April and May. There is a 67.4% decrease in the number of overnight stays in June compared to January.

A similar trend is observed in the accommodation facilities certified by local administrations. However, the number of overnight stays in accommodation facilities certified by local administrations has exceeded the values of March 2020 in June.

The occupancy rate of accommodation facilities with tourism operation certificates is also quite less compared to the first three months of 2020. The occupancy rate, which was 39.42% in January 2020, was 8.02% in June. This rate was 30.4% in January and 14.02% in June in municipal licensed accommodation facilities.